Why do microwaves make food soggy ? The electromagnetic radiation used to heat food causes water molecules in the food to move. The friction from that movement causes the heat that warms the food or liquid in the microwave. Because the moisture cannot leave the microwave, it remains in the food, causing it to become soggy.
Microwaves are an important part of most of our kitchens. We use them daily, but rarely give them much thought, so we may a well know a little more about the way they heat our food. We ’ re going to discover precisely what makes the water jiggle and ways to reduce boggy food .
The Science Behind It
Microwaves heat our food using electromagnetic radiation. You may remember a little bit about this from your high school skill class. The human body of electromagnetic radiation that microwaves practice is called, not surprisingly, microwaves.
Reading: Why Do Microwaves Make Food Soggy?
Microwaves are one type of wave on the electromagnetic spectrum, which besides includes radio waves, infrared fall rays, visible light waves, ultraviolet light waves, x-rays, and da gamma rays. Microwaves can be found between radio waves and infrared waves on the electromagnetic spectrum. The frequency that is used for most microwave ovens is 2,450 megahertz ( or MHz ) .
electromagnetic radiation consists of both electric and magnetic fields that are oscillating perpendicular to each other. Their order of magnitude and direction are changing each second .
The heating process works like this :
- When you turn on your microwave, a vacuum tube called a magnetron uses the electrical energy to transmit the microwaves through a waveguide to the heating chamber.
- That energy then causes the water molecules in the food to vibrate. Water molecules are positively charged at one end and negatively charged at the other. The two ends rock back and forth in order to align with the electric waves in the electromagnetic energy being produced.
- The friction created by this process creates heat in the heating chamber, and this heat is absorbed by water molecules in the food, thus heating the food.
And with nowhere for the moisture that this creates to escape to, we can end up with doughy food .
This doesn ’ t happen when we cook food in an oven because ovens use a different process that heats the food from the external and then transfers that heat to the inside of the food .
This allows the outside of the food to stay crisp. But since microwaves are bouncing around the heat chamber of a microwave oven and heating all food at the same fourth dimension, it ’ s hard for food to remain crisp .
There is a common belief that microwaves heat food from the inside out, which is the face-to-face of an oven, which heats from the outside in. While that ’ mho genuine of an oven, a better way to describe how a microwave heats food is that it heats all parts of the food at the same time. however, as you ’ ll witness in one of the tips down below, it is not a wholly even heat .
Tips for Making Food Less Soggy
so nowadays that we know why microwaves make our food doughy, there are some tips and tricks that we can use to make it less boggy .
- When you’re reheating a slice of pizza, put a small, microwave-safe mug or dish filled with water next to the pizza in the microwave. This extra water will absorb some of the microwaves that normally would have gone directly to the pizza, thus decreasing the amount of moisture in the pizza. Be sure not to heat the food for too long.
You don ’ metric ton want the water to come to a boil, or it will release water vapors, which will defeat the function. For a technical explanation of how this works, check out this article. You ’ ll be able to tell your friends all about “ insulator constants of urine. ”
Pro Tip : While you don ’ triiodothyronine want the body of water to boil when you ’ re inflame pizza, boiling
body of water is a good direction to clean the inside of your microwave. Just boil some water with
lemon slices in it and let it sit for a few minutes with the microwave door closed. This will
Read more: Microwave Corn on the Cob
make cleaning a breeze .
- Place a paper towel or a piece of parchment paper underneath your food. This will absorb some of the excess moisture and keep it out of the food.
- Always pay attention to the cooking time. Foods that have a higher water content will generally cook more quickly because the higher water content will absorb the heat faster than a food that has less water content.
- If your plate is small enough, don’t place it directly in the center of the microwave. Set it slightly off to the side. Or if your plate is too big to do this, try to arrange the food on the outside of the plate. The heating chamber does not heat every area evenly, and the center of the microwave is often a colder spot, so this will help your food to heat more evenly.
In a nutshell, the manner to make your food less boggy is to take factors such as the water contentedness of the food and the cook fourth dimension into consideration .
Microwaving Different Types Of Food
You will obviously get different results with different types of food. If you ’ re reheating a slice of pizza, it ’ south more likely to get boggy. If you ’ rhenium reheat pasta, it ’ randomness more likely to dry out. So it ’ mho important to take into consideration what type of food you ’ ra dealing with. When you ’ re using a microwave, sometimes there ’ randomness a very finely line between besides doughy and besides dried out .
If you want to microwave different types of food at the same time, you might be better off doing them individually so that you can heat each one the way it should be heated. And be surely to take into retainer the exponent of your microwave when determining the appropriate cook times .
And there are always some foods that will taste better if you heat them in the oven. For example, leftover french fries are one food that is very hard to microwave with good results. You ’ re better off heating them in the oven if you can. Or better so far, eat them while they ’ re still hot, and they don ’ thymine require reheat of any kind. This is particularly true if you like them supernumerary crisp .
Like many of our greatest inventions, microwaves were discovered by accident. In 1945 an engineer who was working with radar realized that the microwaves had melted a candy bar in his pocket. From that random discovery, the idea for the microwave oven was conceived .
Microwaves are a great way to cook or reheat your food. They are a commodious option when we need a promptly meal on the go, or merely need to reheat some leftovers in a haste. however, what we gain in appliance, we sometimes lose with the timbre of our food .
But there are some steps that we can take to help with that. So these are all things that you can keep in take care the future time you go to reheat your leftover slice of pizza and wonder why it came out so boggy .
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