What Is Pizza Flour, And Should You Use It? – Crust Kingdom

With many flour types out there, it can be confusing to know what to use when you are buying ingredients for pizza. Some recipes call for pizza flour – but what precisely is pizza flour ?
Pizza flour, known as 00 grade flour, is a specialist flour that has properties suited for making pizzas in a wood fired oven. It is essentially a white bread flour with a medium high gluten content, and fine milled for a soft texture. It is most commonly used in Neapolitan pizza .
Pizza flour is normally called “ 00 ” grade flour – you can see it on Amazon. The 00 comes from the grade of flour found in Italy – 00 being the finest flour with the whitest, refined part of the pale yellow. The scale goes up to 0, 1 and 2 increasing in coarseness and including more of the out function of the wheat .
How it differs from regular bread flour and when it is better to use either flour will be discussed in this article.

Why Is Pizza Flour Used?

As I mentioned, pizza flour is normally classed as 00 grade flour, refined to the whitest part of the pale yellow, and milled very ticket so that the flour is extremely cushy .
This makes for a satiny cushy dough that keeps this tenderness when cooked in the fast cook times of a hot wood fired oven. The Neapolitan pizza style aims to have a crispen crust that has a piano, damp interior. Using this type of flour helps achieve that along with the oven. The flour has been designed for Neapolitan style pizza cooking, with properties like optimum water concentration and toasting to name a few. These pizzas are cooked in 1 – 2 minutes .
In a home oven, the effects are a little less because the temperature is much lower, requiring up to 10 minutes of baking. This transforms the crust to be dryer and have more chewiness, which you might associate with an american expressive style pizza. This is why standard boodle flour is more common, and credibly more befit for base bakes. That ’ s not to say you can ’ triiodothyronine consumption 00 at home – it calm makes bang-up pizza in both ovens .
In my dwelling oven, I cook my pizza with this pizza steel from Amazon which I can ’ thyroxine recommend adequate. It ’ s like a pizza stone but it gets hotter for making extra crisp pizza and lasts a life as the material will never crack and can be easily washed .

What Flour Can Be Used To Make Pizza?

traditionally, the italian 00 flour is used for italian pizza – notably the Neapolitan style pizza. There is actual legal classification that if you want to make and sell a true Neapolitan pizza then you must use 00 or 0 rate flour. This pizza is cushy and floppy, and you eat it with a knife and fork because it ’ second difficult to pick up in slices .
Pizza then arrived in New York in the twentieth hundred and was made popular worldwide. italian Americans credibly started making pizza with the bread flour available locally. As normal bread flour has more gluten to make it stronger, this made stronger pizza that could be picked up by the slice and sol that expressive style become popular there .
That ’ randomness why bread flour is normally used for home bakes and New York style pizza, and italian 00 flour is used in italian pizzeria and those lucky enough to have a wood fired oven at home. All function flour may be used but international relations and security network ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate ideal for pizza – it all comes down to having a large adequate protein capacity that creates the gluten .

Gluten is the key component

Gluten is the stretchable network that is formed when flour meets urine. Kneading strengthens this network and makes strands of stretchable boodle. With more protein in the boodle, more gluten is formed. Protein content is normally stated as a share. As a address, coat and “ plain ” flours are about 9 %, all purpose flour around 11 %, bread flour typically approximately 13 % or higher. Pizza flour is found somewhere in the middle around 12-13 %. This allows adequate gluten so that the base can be stretched dilute without tearing, but not so much gluten that the pizza is chewy and bread like from firm flour.

00 Flour Vs Bread Flour

  • 00 flour has lower protein and therefore gluten content – about 12% and bread flour has 13-14%
  • 00 dough is softer so makes a softer crust
  • As it’s softer it needs delicate handling or it tears
  • Bread dough is stronger and can stand up to longer fermentation as this breaks down gluten strength over time
  • Bread dough usually makes a firmer crust

Types Of Pizza Flour

Italian 00 Pizza Flour

This is the real consider. Pizza came from Naples and its no wonder they produce the best pizza flour. Two of the most common brands are Caputo and San Felice and you can ’ t go wrong with either .
Caputo is a grind in Italy which is devoted to just pizza flour. possibly one of the only flour mills in the worldly concern which is entirely focused on pizza flour. It is the flour used in most Napoli pizzeria, and it is known cosmopolitan for the quality of the flour. The most common is the blue “ pizzeria ” flour, which has a protein contentedness of 12.5 %. You can find it in italian delicatessen shops and on-line .

Other Pizza Flours

Around the global there are flour brands which have made a version of the italian 00 flour. Treat these with circumspection as some are well suited for making pasta than pizza. They are finely milled and soft but don ’ thyroxine have the protein subject to make a stretchable pizza boodle .
An example of that is King Arthur ’ s Italian-Style flour – it claims to be for pizza but it has a protein message of 8.5 % which is way to low. This is a pasta flour for certain. I read a review on their web site of person who tried to make pizza and failed, the customer support wrote back : “ Our italian Style flour is a depleted protein flour at 8 %. It will not swap out one for one in rate of all purpose flour in even pizza recipes. ”
so fair keep an eye on these so called pizza flour. If in doubt, you can mix a bread flour with these 00 flours to ensure it is impregnable enough .

Do I Need To Use Pizza Flour?

Pizza flour is by no means an all-important ingredient for making pizza, specially if cook in a home oven. More importantly, look for a flour that has a desirable protein content for a adept gluten network. All purpose or bread flour function well. Extra firm boodle flours can make a dough that is besides tight and therefor might snap back when shaped, so calculate for a flour with 12-13 % protein. Avoid flour used for pastry, cakes for variants like plain or self raising flour .
With that said, you should decidedly give pizza flour a sample. Get your hands on a proper italian 00 flour and see the results for yourself. Of course, you get the best results from cooking in a wood fired oven. But it makes lovely soft, delicate pizza in a home oven besides .
You might find it delicate and unaccented, which can be heavily to stretch and shape. But practice makes handling this dough a little easier.

Read more: Who Invented Pizza?

Best Alternatives To Pizza Flour

My crack to flour for the home oven is a bread flour. Some popular brands are King Arthur if in the USA or Allinson if in the UK. If you can find a smaller mill that does dependable flour then evening better because they normally make systematically good flour .


so there is the run devour of what pizza flour is. Hopefully you can try a proper italian pizza flour at some item, and watch out the for imitations which aren ’ t so effective .
It ’ s a premium product for surely, and the pizza created with it has a capital texture. It is by no means substantive for making pizza at home. A regular boodle flour is great for the expressive style of a dwelling oven pizza .