Gaithersburg, Maryland – Wikipedia

City in Maryland, United States
City in Maryland, United States
Gaithersburg ( GAY-thərz-burg ( help · information ) ), formally the City of Gaithersburg, is a city in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States. At the meter of the 2020 U.S. Census, Gaithersburg had a population of 69,657, [ 4 ] making it the ninth-largest placement in the state of matter. Gaithersburg is located to the northwest of Washington, and is considered a suburb and a primary city within the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Gaithersburg was incorporated as a town in 1878 and as a city in 1968. Gaithersburg is located east and west of Interstate 270. The easterly section includes the historic area of the town. Landmarks and buildings from that time can inactive be seen in many places but specially in the historic central occupation district of Gaithersburg called “ Olde Towne ”. The east side besides includes Lakeforest Mall, City Hall, and the Montgomery County Fair grounds, and Bohrer Park ( a well-known joint community diversion plaza and outdoor water park for kids and families ). The west side of the city has many wealthier neighborhoods that were designed with smart increase techniques and embrace New Urbanism. These include the award-winning Kentlands residential district, the Lakelands community, and the washingtonian Center ( well known as Rio ), a popular shopping/business zone. Consumers frequently come to this area during Black Friday and other shopping holidays for the deals and kind of huge post name stores like Target and Dick ‘s Sporting Goods, and smaller stores like Francesca ‘s and Blue Mercury. Two New Urbanism communities are under construction, including Watkins Mill Town Center ( Casey East and West ), and the massive “ Science City ” [ citation needed ]. The submit has a bus rapid theodolite line, Corridor Cities Transitway or “ CCT ”, planned for the western part of the city starting at Shady Grove Metro Station and connecting all the high density western Gaithersburg neighborhoods with a entire of eight stops planned in the city.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology ( NIST ) is headquartered in Gaithersburg immediately west of I-270. [ N 1 ] other major employers in the city include IBM, Lockheed Martin Information Systems and Global Services business area headquarters, AstraZeneca, and the french multinational pot, Sodexo. Gaithersburg is besides the localization of the garrison of the United States Army Reserve Legal Command. Gaithersburg is noted for its cultural and economic diverseness ; WalletHub in 2016 ranked it inaugural among the 313 largest U.S. cities for heathen diversity and second for social classify diverseness. [ 5 ]

history [edit ]

Summit Avenue in the early 1900s Gaithersburg was settled in 1765 as a small agricultural colonization known as Log Town near the present day Summit Hall on Ralph Crabb ‘s 1725 domain grant “ Deer Park ”. [ 6 ] The northern assign of the land concession was purchased by Henry Brookes, and he built his brick home “ Montpelier ” there, starting first with a log cabin in 1780/3. This 1,000-acre nerve pathway became separate of the landmark IBM Headquarters complex built on the then-new I-270 Interstate “ Industrial ”, now “ Technology ”, Corridor in the late 1960s to the 1970s. Benjamin Gaither married Henry ‘s daughter Margaret, and Benjamin and Margaret inherited a assign of Henry ‘s bring anterior to Henry ‘s death in 1807. Gaither built his home on the land in 1802. [ 7 ] By the 1850s the area had ceased to be called Log Town and was known to inhabitants as Gaithersburg. [ 8 ]

nineteenth century [edit ]

The Forest Oak Post Office, named for a big tree in the township, was located in Gaither ‘s storehouse in 1851. On July 10 1864, using the path of contemporary 355, over 10,000 Confederate troops camped nightlong in the area, including the portray Bohrer Park, after a one-day borderland from Frederick after the Battle of Monocacy. The next day the troops continued towards Washington in an unsuccessful attack to take the city. When the railway was built through town in 1873, the new station was called Gaithersburg, an formally recognized name for the residential district for the first time. besides in 1873 the B & O Railroad constructed a station at Gaithersburg, [ 6 ] designed by Ephraim Francis Baldwin as separate of his long-familiar series of priggish stations in Maryland. [ 9 ] Rapid growth occurred shortly thereafter, and on April 5, 1878, the town was officially incorporated as the Town of Gaithersburg. Gaithersburg boomed during the late nineteenth century and churches, schools, a factory, grain elevators, stores, and hotels were built. much of this development focused around the railroad track station. [ 8 ] In 1899, Gaithersburg was selected as one of six ball-shaped locations for the construction of an International Latitude Observatory as partially of a project to measure the Earth ‘s shimmy on its arctic axis. The Gaithersburg Latitude Observatory is ( as of 2007 ) the alone National Historic Landmark in the City of Gaithersburg. The lookout and five others in Japan, Italy, Russia, and the United States gathered information that is distillery used by scientists today, along with information from satellites, to determine polar gesticulate ; the size, form, and physical properties of the ground ; and to aid the space program through the precise navigational patterns of orbiting satellites. The Gaithersburg station operated until 1982 when computerization rendered the manual notice disused .

late twentieth century [edit ]

In 1968, Gaithersburg was upgraded from a town to a city. Gaithersburg remained a predominantly rural farm town until the 1970s when more construction began. As the population grew, with homes spreading throughout the sphere, Gaithersburg began taking on a suburban and semi-urban feel, leaving its farm roots behind. During the belated 1990s and 2000s, it had become one of the most economically and ethnically diverse areas in the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area vitamin a well as the State of Maryland, with people from all walks of life calling Gaithersburg home. This can be seen in the local schools, with Gaithersburg High School and Watkins Mill High School having two of the most divers student bodies in the region. During a 1997 rainstorm, the 295-year-old forest oak tree that gave its name to the Forest Oak Post Office crashed down. [ 10 ] The tree served as the inspiration for the city ‘s logo, [ 10 ] which is besides featured prominently on the city ‘s sag. [ 10 ]

twenty-first century [edit ]

In 2007, parts of the film Body of Lies were filmed in the city, at a build on 100 Edison Park Drive. The movie was released in 2008 and the build is now the Montgomery County Police Department ‘s headquarter. [ 11 ] On July 16, 2010, Gaithersburg was character of the area where a 3.6 magnitude earthquake was felt, one of the strongest to occur in Maryland .

geography [edit ]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a sum area of 10.34 square miles ( 26.78 km2 ), of which 10.20 square miles ( 26.42 km2 ) is land and 0.14 square miles ( 0.36 km2 ) is water. [ 12 ]

Demographics [edit ]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 547
1910 625 14.3%
1920 729 16.6%
1930 1,068 46.5%
1940 1,021 −4.4%
1950 1,755 71.9%
1960 3,847 119.2%
1970 8,344 116.9%
1980 26,424 216.7%
1990 39,542 49.6%
2000 52,613 33.1%
2010 59,933 13.9%
2020 69,657 16.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2010–2020[4]

2010 census [edit ]

As of the census [ 14 ] of 2010, there were 59,933 people, 22,000 households, and 14,548 families residing in the city. The population concentration was 5,875.8 inhabitants per square nautical mile ( 2,268.7/km2 ). There were 23,337 caparison units at an average concentration of 2,287.9 per public square mile ( 883.4/km2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 31.9 % non-Hispanic White, 16.3 % african American, 0.5 % native American, 16.9 % Asian ( 6.01 Chinese, 4.77 % indian, 2.03 % Korean, 1.69 % Filipino, 1.02 % vietnamese, 0.62 % Burmese ), 0.1 % Pacific Islander, 10.7 % from other races, and 4.8 % from two or more races. spanish american or Latino of any slipstream were 24.2 % of the population ( 8.3 % Salvadoran, 2 % Honduran, 1.9 % Mexican, 1.9 % peruvian, 1.7 % Guatemalan ). There were 22,000 households, of which 37.1 % had children under the historic period of 18 live with them, 48.3 % were married couples living together, 12.7 % had a female homeowner with no conserve present, 5.1 % had a male homeowner with no wife stage, and 33.9 % were non-families. 26.7 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.5 % had person living alone who was 65 years of historic period or older. The median family size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24. The median historic period in the city was 35.1 years. 24.2 % of residents were under the historic period of 18 ; 7.9 % were between the ages of 18 and 24 ; 33.8 % were from 25 to 44 ; 24.6 % were from 45 to 64 ; and 9.5 % were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6 % male and 51.4 % females .

2000 census [edit ]

As of the census [ 15 ] of 2000, there were 52,613 people, 19,621 households, and 12,577 families residing in the city. The population concentration was 5,216.2 people per square nautical mile ( 2,013.3/km2 ). There were 20,674 house units at an average concentration of 2,049.7 per square mile ( 791.1/km2 ). The racial makeup of the city is 34.7 % White, 19.5 % Black or african American, 0.2 % native American, 13.9 % asian, 0.1 % Pacific Islander, 3.6 % from other races, and 3.2 % from two or more races. 24.8 % of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.3 % of Gaithersburg ‘s population was foreign-born. There were 19,621 households, out of which 34.8 % had children under the old age of 18 life with them, 48.6 % were married couples living together, 11.2 % had a female homeowner with no husband show, and 35.9 % were non-families. 27.8 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2 % had person living alone who was 65 years of historic period or older. The average family size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14 the population was spread out, with 25.0 % under the age of 18, 9.0 % from 18 to 24, 37.7 % from 25 to 44, 20.0 % from 45 to 64, and 8.2 % who were 65 years of historic period or older. The median senesce was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males .

economy [edit ]

According to the city ‘s 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [ 16 ] the top employers in the city are :
Gaithersburg besides receives significant income from its league administration platform including outstanding conferences such as the CHI 84 conference. RIO Washingtonian Center a.k.a. rio de janeiro a.k.a. Rio Lakefront, is a 760,000-square-foot complex of retail, restaurant and entertainment including AMC/Loews rio de janeiro Cinemas, Target, LOFT, Barnes & Noble, Dave & Buster ‘s, and Dick ‘s Sporting Goods, built along an artificial lake. [ 17 ]

government [edit ]

Gaithersburg has an elected, five-member City Council, which serves as the legislative torso of the city. The mayor, who is besides elected, serves as president of the united states of the council. The daily government of the city is oversee by a career city coach. Gaithersburg is besides the placement of the United States Army Reserve Legal Command. The city ‘s current mayor is Jud Ashman, who has held the function since 2014. On October 6, 2014, the Gaithersburg City Council selected city council member Jud Ashman to serve as mayor until the future City of Gaithersburg election in November 2015, replacing resigning mayor Sidney Katz. Ashman was re-elected in November 2015 and would be re-elected to full terms in 2017 and 2021. [ 18 ]

Position Name In office
since
Next Election
Mayor Jud Ashman 2015 2025
Council (At Large) Lisa Henderson 2021 2025
Council (At Large) Jim McNulty 2021 2025
Council (At Large) Neil Harris 2014 2023
Council (At Large) Ryan Spiegel 2007 2023
Council (At Large) Robert Wu 2015 2023

previous mayors include :

  1. George W. Meem 1898–1904
  2. Carson Ward 1904–1906
  3. John W. Walker 1906–1908
  4. E. D. Kingsley 1908–1912
  5. Richard H. Miles 1912–1918
  6. John W. Walker 1918–1924
  7. Walter M. Magruder 1924–1926
  8. William McBain 1926–1948
  9. Harry C. Perry, Sr. 1948–1954
  10. Merton F. Duvall 1954–1966
  11. John W. Griffith 1966–1967
  12. Harold C. Morris 1967–1974
  13. Susan E. Nicholson, May–September 1974
  14. Milton M. Walker 1974–1976
  15. B. Daniel Walder 1976–1978
  16. Bruce A. Goldensohn 1978–1986
  17. W. Edward Bohrer, Jr. 1986–1998
  18. Sidney A. Katz 1998 – 2014
  19. Jud Ashman, November 2014 – Present

The departments of the city of Gaithersburg and their directors include :

  • Office of the City Manager, Tanisha R. Briley
  • Finance and Administration, Kimberly Francisco
  • Planning and Code Administration, John Schlichting
  • Community and Public Relations, Britta Monaco
  • Human Resources, Kimberly Yocklin
  • Information Technology, Peter Cottrell
  • Parks, Recreation, and Culture, Carolyn Muller
  • Chief of Police, Mark Sroka
  • Public Works, Anthony Berger

education [edit ]

The postdate Montgomery County Public Schools are located in Gaithersburg : [ 19 ]

elementary schools [edit ]

  • Brown Station
  • Rachel Carson
  • Darnestown
  • Diamond
  • DuFief
  • Fields Road
  • Flower Hill
  • Gaithersburg
  • Goshen
  • Jones Lane
  • Laytonsville
  • Thurgood Marshall
  • Judith A. Resnik
  • Rosemont
  • South Lake
  • Stedwick
  • Strawberry Knoll
  • Summit Hall
  • Washington Grove
  • Watkins Mill
  • Whetstone
  • Woodfield

Middle schools [edit ]

  • Forest Oak
  • Gaithersburg
  • Lakelands Park
  • Ridgeview
  • Shady Grove

high schools [edit ]

  • Gaithersburg High School
  • Quince Orchard High School
  • Watkins Mill High School

Media [edit ]

Gaithersburg is primarily served by the Washington, D.C. media market .

Newspapers [edit ]

  • The Town Courier newspaper is based in Kentlands and focuses on Gaithersburg’s west side neighborhoods, in addition to publishing Rockville and Urbana editions.

infrastructure [edit ]

Police [edit ]

Being a city, Gaithersburg besides has its own police department, which was created in 1963. [ 20 ]

exile [edit ]

Roads and highways [edit ]

I-270 southbound at the interchange with I-370 in Gaithersburg The most big highways serving Gaithersburg are Interstate 270 and Interstate 370. I-270 is the independent highway leading northwest out of metropolitan Washington, D.C., beginning at Interstate 495 ( the Capital Beltway ) and proceeding northwest to Interstate 70 in Frederick. I-370 is a curtly spur, starting just west of I-270 in Gaithersburg and heading east to its junction with Maryland Route 200. Via MD 200, I-370 connects Gaithersburg with Interstate 95 near Laurel. Maryland Route 355 was the precursor to I-270 and follows a analogue path. It now serves as the main commercial roadway through Gaithersburg and neighbor communities. other state highways serving Gaithersburg include Maryland Route 117, Maryland Route 119 and Maryland Route 124. Maryland Route 28 passes equitable outside the Gaithersburg corporate limits .

transit [edit ]

The Gaithersburg train post in January 2007 Gaithersburg is connected to the Washington Metro via Shady Grove place, which is located good outside the city limits and is the north-western terminus of the Red Line. The Corridor Cities Transitway is a proposed bus rapid transit trace that would have 8 stops in Gaithersburg, generally in the western one-half of the city. Maryland ‘s MARC system operates commuter rail services connecting Gaithersburg to Washington, D.C. with two stations in the city, at Old Town Gaithersburg and Metropolitan Grove, and a third gear station — Washington Grove — fair outside city limits. Bus service in Gaithersburg consists of Metrobus routes operated by WMATA and Ride-On routes operated by Montgomery County, equally well as paratransit service provided by MetroAccess .

celebrated people [edit ]

In democratic culture [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^ Although NIST ‘s mail address states Gaithersburg, and the City of Gaithersburg surrounds NIST ‘s property, the land where NIST is situated is not incorporated into the City of Gaithersburg. alternatively, it is in an unincorporated share of Montgomery County. Owing to the manner in which nation has been added to Gaithersburg over the years, there are multiple such unincorporated enclaves within the circumference ; see the City ‘s Zoning Map for details ( 3MB PDF ) .

References [edit ]

further take [edit ]