History of Pizza: Focaccia to Modern Pizza [w/ Recipes]

thyminehe pizza that we all know and love today comes from humble beginnings. Countries love to argue about the origins of the much-loved dish, but the truth is that the idea for pizza has been in development for hundreds or maybe even thousands
of years. It started off with flatbread (A.K.A. Pisna or Focaccia) dishes that only slightly resembled the pizza most of us enjoy today, but it evolved over the years to the many different varieties available now.

Focaccia Topped Dishes Have Been Common SinceAncient Times

he pizza that we all know and love nowadays comes from humble beginnings. Countries love to argue about the origins of the much-loved serve, but the truth is that the theme for pizza has been in exploitation for hundreds or possibly even thousandsof years. It started off with flatbread ( A.K.A. Pisna or Focaccia ) dishes that only slightly resembled the pizza most of us enjoy nowadays, but it evolved over the years to the many different varieties available nowadays. Looking all the way back to the Neolithic times ’ people have been cooking flatbread dishes coated with oils and toppings in a like manner to contemporary pizza, focaccia, and other popular meals.

Most historians agree that the Ancient Romans, the Ancient Greeks and the Egyptians all enjoyed dishes that looked like pizza. Roman pisna, is basically pizza. It was a flatbread character of food that was besides documented as being a type of food that was offered to the gods. The son pisna literally means to stretch or squeeze. history of roman flatbread Flatbread was a common infrastructure for food in these times, particularly for the poor that couldn ’ thyroxine afford plates to eat on. That ’ sulfur why for so long, flatbread meals were looked down on by many people and idea of as food for the lower-class citizens. There are even signs of flatbread meals and what look like early pizzeria at the ruins at Pompeii. That ’ sulfur why it about seems absurd to say pizza was invented in Italy, though it was standardized there and given the appoint that we all call it by today. today, a flat assemble of boodle served with olive oil and assorted spices is the most specific dish that can describe Italy. It has a paper-thin edge, which slightly crunches when eating .

Focaccia bread is the godfather of pizza

It ’ s heavily to look as focaccia boodle and compare it to pizza, but obviously, the similarities are there. And besides that, it can have the distinct honor of being called the Godfather of pizza in many ways. The true origins of focaccia boodle date back to at least the second century. It was because of the Greek parole that evening the diagnose focaccia derived from concentrate meaning ‘ cooked on burn ’. It was enjoyed by the Greeks, Carthaginians, and Phoenicians and was primarily made with squash grains, yeast, water, petroleum, and salt. It was so popular that it cursorily spread through Italy and was a popular local favorite in cities including Liguria and Genova. By the seventh hundred AD, the migration of many people started to sweep across Italy. It was the Lombards that began to produce baked goods including focaccia which were showing a new random variable of their creation. This new random variable of focaccia was sometimes called bizzo or Pizzo and has toppings a morsel like pizza. technically it was still focaccia but had been branded a newly appoint that was still identical regional to Italy. This continued until 1000AD when the name began to evolve farther. A manuscript 1195AD that documented the types of broil goods within the Abruzo and Molise regions cited this significant change. In the south-center of these regions, it was noted that pizis and pissas were in fact, a variant of bizzo and Pizzo. Yet, these were placid a direct recipe variant of the focaccia bread. It wasn ’ thymine until 1535 that Naples has the most significant mention of a list deepen. Benedetto di Falco wrote in his book ‘ The Description of Ancient Places in Europe ’ describing that ‘ Focaccia in Neopolitan is called Pizza ’. however, this did not affect the popularity of focaccia, as pizza was highly isolated to this region. Let ’ s take a closer expect at what technically makes focaccia bread a relative of pizza .

Basic Ingredients

Both pizza boodle and focaccia boodle use the like ingredients including flour, water, salt, oil, and yeast. Pizza dough often contains less yeast, which is why the crust turns out thin. Both recipes are amazingly similar since both pizza and focaccia use one package of yeast. Pizza recipes add an extra two cups of flour to lower the rising yeast effect. Focaccia bread adds more olive vegetable oil that adds relish to the boodle while it rises. It ’ s not hard to see how the two recipes are considered so identical except for a winder component that defines their spirit .

The Olive Oil

You may not know this but the traditional dilute crust pizza is swimming in olive oil. After the boodle has been sitting in an oiled-coated bowl for at least 4-5 hours ( a time-honored custom ) then it ’ mho prepared. Most of the air is pressed out of the boodle and it ’ mho placed onto an anoint pan or pizza sheet. After that, the edges of the dough are coated with olive petroleum before it gets baked. Because the boodle is a lot thin, the oil causes the crust to become crisp as it cooks in the oven. Thicker and fluffier focaccia bread dough that has closely the like amount of olive petroleum will be softer with a bite of chew. The master italian recipes show that the preparation between the two is their only deviation. Before the air travel is pushed out of the pizza boodle, it ’ second more-or-less the same claim boodle .

How did focaccia became pizza

One theory suggests that pizza was an answer to feed the hapless since it could be produced cheaply in the 1700s. Naples was soon one of the most popular cities in Europe and saw thousands from the countryside flocking to this big city for work. While it had the same appeal as flatbread, it had a flavored taste alike to focaccia with bits of garlic and onion. At least two or more pizzas could be made from the lapp about focaccia bread dough. basically it was cost-efficient but made to look like it was worth buying. This is why pizza toppings made this planate translation of focaccia easy to sell. As the city of Naples reached extremum population levels, the lack of money to afford focaccia bread was hardly in necessitate. And since most of the commerce was now being done on city streets alternatively of shops, it was the most popular way to feed the poorest people on-the-go. The invention of pizza was basically the very first fast-food that could feed the Lazzaroni ( porters, light laborers, and deliverymen ). This vendor-based street food was ironically sold by the slice according to what the Lazzaroni could afford. This pizza was considered at that point, a sewer food that fed migrants and poor people. It wasn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate until 1889 that pizza was first experienced by the King and Queen that the local peculiarity was last elevated. good like California Pizza Kitchen introduced a cuisine-level pizza in 1985, pizza in America has constantly been regarded as cheap fast food .

Modern Day Pizza Milestones

1700s: A century of dramatic change

The 1700s began to see another increased flow of immigrants across Italy. Naples began to emerge as a growing empire under the Bourbon Kings and the sweetheart flow of trade in the Naples ports. It continually saw more and more emergence throughout this hundred through the ship trades. In 1700, the population has reached 200,000 and about doubled by 1748 ! not entirely was the city expanding with peasants from the countryside, but many modern migrants were besides steadily flowing in to find solve. With such an bubble over in population, Naples could not control their urban city by any means. Many of those who lived there fell into poverty and struggled to find ferment of any kind. These poor people soon began to have a rag appearance and were much called the Lazarus. In italian, these were known as the Lazzaroni and came to represent a swelling population of 50,000 at that time. It is thought that the local version of Pizza was the cheapest beginning of food for these inadequate people. Focaccia boodle was hush enjoyed by the wealthier citizens at that time but was considered excessively expensive for the poor. Pizza on the other pass was sold by vendors on the street who would slice-off ’ pieces, determined by what a inadequate person has in their pouch. This possibly gives a solid newfangled meaning to pizza by the slice. It was easy to eat since many of the poor were on-the-go and in search of work. many of these inadequate people held simpleton day undertaking jobs for identical minimal money .

The First Official Pizza

Foods resembling pizza had been around for hundreds of years already, but it was never known as pizza, at least not until the 1600s. It was during that period that bakers in Naples Italy began creating what they dubbed “ pizza ”. This serve was made up of a zestful flour boodle, embroider, cheese, and olive anoint along with herb and the newly obtained tomatoes. They were besides often topped with garlic, anchovies, and other toppings for flavor. Tomatoes didn ’ thyroxine arrive in Europe until 1522 when they were returned from an expedition to Peru. Around the late 1800s pizza explode from Naples and became far-flung in Europe. Pizza was in the first place consumed by the poor people throughout Naples, Italy, particularly around the bay, where the residents much lived in homes a modest as a one board or even outdoors wholly. Pizza was favored by the city ’ s poor because it was quick to eat, and could be consumed while on the go without a plate. It ’ second reasonably exchangeable to why many of the poor in Ancient Greek and other ancient societies consumed their meals on top of a flatbread base. The poor feed pizza on the go was thought of as distasteful and it made many Italians look down on pizza, and it rose in popularity in early countries before it ever became a cherished dish in Italy as it is nowadays .

1800s: The popularity of street foods

The invention of this modified focaccia was not always well received by respective who had visited Naples. specially noted in 1831, when Samuel Morse ( the inventor of the Telegraph ) while visiting Italy ; had encountered pizza for the inaugural time. He was sickened by the smell and toppings and excellently compared it to sewer bread. Whereas the celebrated writer Alexandre Dumas proclaimed that one slit made for a good breakfast costing alone 2 Liard. And as the years passed it increasingly became the staple of street food among the locals of Naples. Long before the celebrated Margherita pizza version was approved in 1889, there was already a popular recipe. In 1858, it was reported in the Customs and Traditions of Naples report, that a pizza with tomato sauce, cheese, and basil was called the Neopolitan. apparently, it was a local classic that was renamed for the sake of reunion .illustration of street vendor apparently King Umberto I and Queen Margherita had become ill of french cuisine and ordered some traditional pizza while on a visit through Naples. They tried three pizza variations but only the recipe with cheese, tomato sauce, and basil was approved by the Queen. After that, it seems that pizza was nowadays officially approved and soon lost its ’ peasant food condition. Less than a decade late, hapless italian immigrants from Naples headed for New York City for a better animation. At that meter, they brought with them a cheap street food that late became an american english sensation. To this day, NYC is once of the most iconic places where pizza by the piece is placid sold thru a walk-up window .

The “ Margherita ” Pizza


Pizza Margherita, one of the most popular types of pizza available today in Italy, got its original start in Naples while the italian king and queen ( King Umberto I and Queen Margherita ) were visiting in 1889. It ’ south rumored that the queen who was bored of dining on french cuisine requested a local Pizzeria – Pizzeria Brandi – to make a mix diverseness of pizza to try for something different. The Queen loved a pizza version topped with red tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and basil, and it was dubbed Pizza Margherita from then on in her honor. cipher is certain if it ’ s a concurrence or not that Pizza Margherita features the italian colors with its red sauce, white tall mallow, and greens basil toppings. There ’ s no way to know when or where the celebrated dish was first made, but the experience with Queen Margherita is surely what led to it becoming so popular, and it was the real start point for Pizza Margherita to spread and become equally love as it is today .

Spreading Overseas to the U.S.

It wasn ’ thymine until the end of the 1800s when pizza would expand out from Europe and locomotion oversea to the United States. Pizza promptly became a common raw material in the US, peculiarly in locations like New York City as Italians immigrated into the country and brought their cook proficiency, their recipes, and they ’ rhenium starve for pizza .Mama’s Too in Manhattan The identical first base american pizza shop was opened in 1905, and it was called G. Lombardi ’ second after Gennaro Lombardi. That pizza shop was opened in a growing Italian-American neighborhood, and the denounce is placid in operation in New York City today .old school pizza shop in nyc The localization of the shop is changed, but the owners are still using the original oven to craft the pizza they serve to customers. Before the denounce opened its doors pizza was made at home in NYC or sold by unaccredited vendors. After being introduced to Americans on the East Coast, pizza cursorily spread to major cities such as Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, and many others and the wide range of varieties that we ’ re familiar with today were developed. even though pizza was developed around the world and standardized in Italy, many historians credit the United States for making pizza popular. It was popular in certain regions throughout Europe, but it gained much greater popularity after it became a profoundly ingrain part of american english culture. Pizza, like Rock and Roll was picked up by early countries because Americans were eating so a lot of it. major chains like Dominos and Pizza Hut were developed in the US and spread to dozens of countries around the worldly concern. The history of pizza is a fascinating one, but it ’ s distillery about impossible to tell merely where the dish was created. many cultures around the world played a part in the development and enhancement of the food, and that ’ s part of what makes it then special. Pizza is one of the most highly consumed foods in the US, and it ’ s besides one of the most frozen foods .

Recipes: Traditional & Modern

The original focaccia bread recipe

It might sound harder to believe that there is a recipe that follows the exact method acting for making focaccia. Take a search at any pizza boodle recipe and it will look very companion. This recipe dates back to a turn-of-the-century focaccia recipe in Genova .


ingredients for focaccia bread

  • 2 lbs flour
  • 1oz salt
  • 16oz water
  • 10 teaspoons extra virgin olive oil
  • oz malt extract
  • 2oz brewers yeast


Into a big bowl pour your cool urine and add the yeast and malt. You will only use 12oz of water system for this character. Save the remaining water for late. After this, you can add the 2 pound of flour until you have a chummy dough-like paste. Let it rest for 15 minutes and then remove it from the bowl. Place your dough onto a table and roll it out so it ’ s flat and can fit into a cooking tray. This cooking tray must be pre-greased with olive oil. This dough is allowed to rise again for at least 15 minutes. You then use your fingers to poke small holes all over the surface making little ‘ moon ’ craters everywhere. At this point, you can add flaky sea strategic arms limitation talks to the coat. This is again lease to rise again for an hour until the very stopping point step. Be certain the dough is placed in a dainty warm sphere. After this, you mix the remaining 4 ounces of water and mix this with the olive anoint angstrom much as potential. Adding a snatch of flour will help the urine and oil shuffle together comfortable. This should be poured directly over the boodle mix and into all the little craters. This vegetable oil and water mixture will soak in very promptly .

Baking info:

Bake for 6 minutes in an oven that ’ second preheated at 550F. Most oven don ’ thyroxine get that hot so you might have to go to the highest jell. Let cool for 10 minutes, slice and serve. optionally you can add extra toppings when you add your salt including rosemary, tomatoes, or ashen onion slices .

How to make focaccia bread even better?

This type of boodle already has capital invoke because of the flavors involved. The olive oil and overall texture make them closely a meal in itself. They can be made to taste better by adding choice toppings that are normally pushed into the boodle before it ’ south baked. These can include ripe cherry tomatoes, herbs and spices, and garlic and onion. It ’ s not uncommon that some people will add shred cheese on acme. These days, the original recipe has included items that make focaccia bread therefore exchangeable to pizza, that it might a well be modified pizza boodle. Purists of the original italian recipe like to stick to the basics that make the season a classical Mediterranean season .

Pizza-inspired focaccia recipe

Are you looking to make focaccia bread that has a big pizza relish ? Some ideas aren ’ thyroxine merely a californian concept since creativity can happen in Phoenix, AZ besides. The concept of focaccia pizza originated at the Pizzaria Bianco hypertext transfer protocol : //www.pizzeriabianco.com/eat-together With a concept that combines the ample and building complex relish of focaccia and pizza, you can try this award-winning recipe excessively .


Ingredients for Pizza inspired focaccia recipe

  • cup (plus 2 tablespoons) warm water (110-115F)
  • 1 teaspoon instant or fresh yeast
  • 1 teaspoons granulated sugar
  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoons flakey sea salt
  • cup olive oil (can be extra-virgin oil if you like)


Toppings for Pizza inspired focaccia recipe (1)

  • 1 sealed tin (15oz) crushed tomatoes (can be your favorite brand)
  • 1 glove of garlic (finely minced)
  • Salt and pepper (fresh ground pepper and flakey seas salt for taste)
  • 4oz fresh mozzarella cheese (sliced)
  • Fresh basil leaves (as you like)
  • Any other toppings (pepperoni, mushrooms, onions)

Dough Directions:

Add into a bombastic mixing roll your urine, yeast, sugar, and about half of the flour. Start to mix the contents with a wooden spoon until it becomes muggy. You can then add the rest of the flour and your salt and the olive vegetable oil. Keep mixing this until the dough is getting thick enough. If you need to add more flour, a couple more tablespoons are adept if it looks besides gluey. adjacent, you can take the boodle out and knead it together by handwriting to mix the contents more thoroughly. After that, you roll the stallion boodle into a musket ball and transfer it to a medium-sized bowl that is coated with olive oil. place it in a quick area for an hour so it can rise to be at least double its ’ size. Use a culture medium fudge pan ( 9 adam 13 brownies tray sized ) and give the inside a rub with some olive petroleum. nowadays you can transfer the dough to the inside of the tray. It will be fictile adequate to slowly push the dough all the means to the edges. When that ’ s done you again wait for the double rise. This meter you need to cover the dough with a towel and let model in a warm sphere again. After that, you can preheat your oven to 425F and begin prepping your boodle. Make your pizza sauce by mixing the can of crushed tomatoes with mince garlic and add salt and pepper in a small bowl. Add a layer of olive anoint pained on top of your boodle before adding the pizza sauce. After that, you can add your mozzarella tall mallow, and other pizza toppings and top it off with the basil leaves. You can besides add strategic arms limitation talks and capsicum as you like. Bake in the oven for 20-25 minutes or until the top of the cheese is golden brown. then take it out and let cool for 5 minutes. Slice and serve for the best focaccia pizza you ’ ve ever tasted !

What’s the difference between focaccia and pizza breadsticks?

difocaccia breadsticks vs pizza breadsticks

Focaccia never lost the invoke in upper-class restaurants and much served focaccia sticks with visualize meals. otherwise known as breadsticks, apt restaurant owners could serve smaller portions of dinner knowing hungry customers filled-up on breadsticks. If you ’ ve always been to a illusion restaurant, you ’ ll notice they always put-out the breadsticks before you eat anything. Unlike the hamburger wars of the early 80s, the late 80s had a similar war among pizza giants such as Pizza Hut, Round Table Pizza, Domino ’ sulfur, and Shakey ’ s pizza. Pizza Hut was among the first to introduce pizza breadsticks that helped them gain a winning point. sadly every other pizza place coped the idea and pizza breadsticks became a menu stable. There ’ s identical little remainder between pizza breadsticks and focaccia bread. Except for how these are made since some include cheese stuffing inside. It ’ s not intemperate to imagine that a fast-food pizza company is using pizza dough to make focaccia breadsticks…