SpongeBob SquarePants episode, see This article is about the pitch of pizza. For theepisode, see pizza Delivery ( SpongeBob SquarePants ) Pizza delivery is a service in which a pizzeria or pizza chain delivers a pizza to a customer. An order is typically made either by call, or over the internet, in which the customer can request pizza type and size, and other items to be delivered with it, normally including easy drinks. Pizzas may be delivered in cardboard pizza boxes or delivery bags, and deliveries are made with either an car, motorized scoter, or bicycle. Customers can, depending on the supplier, choose to pay on-line, or in person, with cash, credit card, debit circuit board or other means. A delivery fee is sometimes charged, although free delivery is besides common .
Ordering [edit ]
Ordering pizza for rescue normally involves contacting a local pizza restaurant or chain by call or on-line. Online order is available in many countries, where some pizza chains offer on-line menu and order. [ 1 ]
Reading: Pizza delivery – Wikipedia
The pizza delivery industry has kept pace with technical developments since the 1980s beginning with the rebel of the personal calculator. Specialized calculator software for the pizza rescue clientele helps determine the most effective routes for carriers, track claim order and delivery times, do calls and orders with PoS software, and other functions. Since 2008 GPS tracking technology has been used for real-time monitoring of manner of speaking vehicles by customers over the Internet. [ 2 ] Some pizzeria, such as the Ontario -based canadian range Pizza Pizza, will incorporate a guarantee to deliver within a bias menstruation of time. [ 3 ] For model, Domino ‘s Pizza had a commercial crusade in the 1980s and early 1990s which guaranteed orders in 30 minutes. The guarantee was for 3 dollars off the regulate if broken but is frequently misremembered nowadays as “ 30 minutes or it ‘s free ”. This was discontinued in the United States in 1993 due to the total of lawsuits arising from accidents caused by rush pitch drivers, but is placid offered in some countries. Pizzerias with no time guarantee will normally state of matter to the customer an approximate clock frame of reference for a delivery, without making any guarantees as to the actual delivery meter. [ citation needed ] According to Domino ‘s, New Year ‘s Eve is the most popular sidereal day for its pizza deliveries ; others are Super Bowl Sunday, Halloween, New Year ‘s Day, and the day before Thanksgiving. [ 4 ] Unscheduled events may besides cause an addition in pizza deliveries ; for exemplar, Domino ‘s stated that its sales during the O. J. Simpson slow-speed chase were deoxyadenosine monophosphate large as on Super Bowl Sunday. [ 5 ]
charge [edit ]
For decades, “ detached delivery ” was a popular motto for about all pizza stores. [ citation needed ] [ 6 ] In Australia, a part of the pitch charge is given to the driver as the store is required to reimburse the driver for the use of a personal vehicle. [ citation needed ] Domino ‘s Pizza is credited with popularizing complimentary pizza pitch in the United States. [ 7 ] Pizza Hut began experimenting in 1999 with a 50-cent delivery charge in ten stores in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. [ 8 ] By mid-2001 it was implemented in 95 % of its 1,749 company-owned restaurants in the U.S., and in a smaller numeral of its 5,250 franchisee-owned restaurants. [ 9 ] By 2002, a small share of stores owned or franchised by U.S. pizza companies Domino ‘s and Papa John ‘s were besides charging delivery fees of 50 cents to $ 1.50, and some of Little Caesar ‘s franchisees charged pitch fees. [ 9 ] In 2005, Papa John ‘s implemented delivery charges in the majority of its company-owned stores. [ 10 ] In some countries, it is coarse to give the pizza jesus an optional tip upon paying for the holy order. In Canada and the United States, tipping for pizza delivery is accustomed. Opinions on appropriate amounts vary widely. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] Employees are legally obligated to report tips to their employer for income tax purposes, while mugwump contractors, who may charge a per-delivery tip to a restaurant, are legally obligated to report tips to the Internal Revenue Service. [ 14 ]
Delivery engineering [edit ]
An electrically heated pizza cup of tea, fireplug at the bottom
Delivery bag [edit ]
Bags used to keep pizza hot while being transported are normally referred to as hotbags [ 15 ] or hot bags. [ 16 ] Hotbags are thermal bags, typically made of vinyl, nylon, or Cordura, that passively retain heat. [ 15 ] Material choice affects monetary value, lastingness, and compression. [ 15 ] Heated bags provision added heat through insertion of outwardly heated disks, electrical inflame elements, or pellets heated by induction from electrically generated magnetic waves. [ 15 ] Innovations in manner of speaking cup of tea designs have allowed without the use of a fasten box for bicycle delivery, such as a hard human body, back strap, and waterproofing. These systems proved to be cheaper, more efficient and faster to use. [ citation needed ] [ 17 ]
Pizza box [edit ]
Pizza in a box, with a pizza saver in the in-between Modern pizza boxes are made of corrugated fiberboard. [ 18 ] Corrugated board has a act of advantages for pizza delivery : it is brassy, reclaimable, and disposable, it is stiff so far clean, it is absorbent material therefore keeping oil and juice from leaking, and the channels of vent in the cardboard have excellent insulation properties. [ 19 ] The history of the pizza box began in Naples during the 1800s where bakers put pizza into alloy containers called stufas : attack, vented can or copper containers with shelves that held the pizza apart from one another. [ 18 ] Since the 1940s pizza take-out was done with the pizza sitting on a round cardboard base and covered with a paper bag. [ 18 ] It is believed Domino ‘s developed the advanced corrugated flatcar square pizza box in the early 1960s, but they never patented it. [ 18 ] Patent designs for pizza boxes date to at least 1968. [ 20 ] Innovations since have included versatile venting configurations ; [ 21 ] built-in holders for extra sauces ; designs for easier recycling ; and perforated tops indeed cuneate pieces of cardboard can be used as plates. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] The lid of the box is much supported by a disposable plastic tripod on top of the pizza known as a pizza saver. Pizza boxes have a large measure of corrugated fiberboard, individually and in entire bulk produced each year, but they are not accepted by some municipal recycle programs because the cardboard is often soaked with dirt, making them inapplicable for some forms of recycling. [ 22 ] Boxes may frankincense be normally thrown away with family waste into landfills ; a more environmentally friendly disposal option that has been proposed is a form of composting for pizza boxes. It is besides possible to tear off unstained or unsaturated sections such as the eyelid and/or sides of the box and recycle those .
Pizza saver [edit ]
In 1985 Carmela Vitale was issued a patent for a fictile 3-legged tripod stool that would sit in the middle of the box and keep the top from sagging into the pizza. [ 19 ] Vitale called her device a “ package saver ” and used that term besides as the style of her patent, but it has since been renamed the “ pizza rescuer “. [ 19 ] Variations on the device have since been invented, such as a disposable formative spatula whose manage holds the box top up ; and a formative tripod like that made by Vitalie, but with one of the legs serrated like a knife, making for easy cut of stuck tall mallow and bread. [ 19 ]
employment [edit ]
This pizzeria bills itself as being open late. In the United States, two labor unions have been formed specifically for pizza delivery drivers : the now-defunct Association of Pizza Delivery Drivers ( APDD ) [ 23 ] and the American Union of Pizza Delivery Drivers ( AUPDD ). [ 24 ] APDD was formed in 2002. Its initial title to fame was as an Internet-based union, eschewing traditional methods of organizing, and making contributions and the sale of goods the center of its fund-raise activities, alternatively of dues. [ citation needed ] People could join APDD using a form at their web site, or chat with its officers in an IRC -compatible Java chat every Tuesday flush. At its point, it claimed approximately 1,000 members in 46 US states. [ citation needed ] APDD held respective certificate votes in the US, but was never successful in organizing a local. In March 2006 APDD lost a lawsuit against a Domino ‘s franchise in Mansfield, Ohio. This combined with massive debt left the union with little choice but to shut down. [ citation needed ] AUPDD was founded in early 2006 by Jim Pohle, a driver for a Domino ‘s Pizza store in Pensacola, Florida. [ 24 ] It was certified as the example union for his store in April 2006. [ 25 ] Pohle cites the sub- minimal engage paid by his storehouse as the instigating factor in forming a union. [ 24 ] While formed in the more traditional method of organizing at one ‘s own workplace, AUPDD uses certain Internet-based techniques originated by APDD, such as its mass communications with the weight-lift and its fund-raise activities ( although more traditional dues are collected from the eleven members of the newcomer local ). [ citation needed ] It besides uses the Internet as its primary outreach to those wishing to start locals across the US. [ citation needed ]
Hazards [edit ]
Glasgow. Pizzaboy. Street poster art.. Street bill poster art. Pizza manner of speaking, by its nature, can pose risks for those engaged in it, as they are required to go to the homes of strangers, in unfamiliar neighborhoods. In 2004, Pizza Hut fired a delivery driver who shot and killed a robber while on the job, citing its company policy against employees carrying weapons. [ 26 ] other national chains such as Domino ‘s and Papa John ‘s besides prohibit carrying weapons, though many freelancer pizzerias allow delivery persons to carry weapons in a legal manner. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] Employer restrictions on carrying weapons is a controversial topic in the U.S .
Prank order [edit ]
Pizza places may be subjugate to prank orders for numerous pizza or to random houses or a target house. A buffoonery regulate may cost businesses money and aggravation, resulting in the restaurant throwing away the amateur pizza. For example, in November 2010 in Amherst, Massachusetts, a homo claiming to be separate of Bob Dylan ‘s crowd placed an order for 148 pizza which cost closely $ 4,000. [ 29 ] Prank callers have been fined in Singapore for placing false orders. [ 30 ]
Assaults on pizza delivery workers [edit ]
Pizza manner of speaking drivers have been subjected to assault, kidnappings, robbery, and have sometimes been raped or killed while on the caper. [ 27 ] [ 31 ] Fake orders are sometimes used to lure looting victims or kidnappings, and delivery people have been injured and killed in robberies and kidnappings. [ 32 ] [ 33 ] Pizza rescue workers who have been lured and murdered include Brian Douglas Wells, Michael Choy, and Yafim Weinstein .
In popular culture [edit ]
pizza delivery has been featured as a major component in several media in popular culture. There are several works of fiction where the chief character delivers pizzas, including Tom Wolfe ‘s fresh I Am Charlotte Simmons ( 2004 ), and Neal Stephenson ‘s cyberpunk fresh Snow Crash ( 1992 ), which posits a future in which pizza delivery is organised by the Mafia as one of the US ‘s four major industries. several feature films besides use pizza delivery prominently, including the 1984 drollery Delivery Boys, the Spike Lee 1989 movie Do the Right Thing, and the 2000 drollery film Dude, Where’s My Car?. In the font of other films, use of pizza delivery has been regarded by critics as “ excessively integrated product placement “. [ 34 ]
pizza delivery has been the topic of films, even to the item of being the topic of such feature-length films as Drivers Wanted and Fat Pizza: The Movie, angstrom well as Pizza: The Movie. [ 35 ] Pizza delivery has served as major plot element of such films as Loverboy. [ 36 ] The 2011 american drollery film 30 Minutes or Less is concerned about the kidnapping of a pizza-delivery driver and his subsequent coercive interest in a bank looting, which was loosely based on the 2003 death of Erie, Pennsylvania pizza deliveryman Brian Douglas Wells. [ 37 ] In television receiver, the australian drollery series Pizza centres on Pauly and his co-workers who deliver pizza for a Sydney-based pizzeria called Fat Pizza .