Sausalito ( spanish for “ little willow grove ” ) is a city in Marin County, California, located 1.5 miles ( 2.4 kilometers ) southeast of Marin City, 8 miles ( 13 kilometer ) south-southeast of San Rafael, [ 9 ] and about 4 miles ( 6 kilometer ) north of San Francisco from the Golden Gate Bridge. [ 6 ] Sausalito ‘s population was 7,061 as of the 2010 census. The residential district is situated near the northern end of the Golden Gate Bridge, and prior to the construct of that bridge served as a terminal for rail, car, and ferry traffic.
Reading: Sausalito, California – Wikipedia
Sausalito developed quickly as a shipbuilding center in World War II, with its industrial character giving way in postwar years to a reputation as a affluent and aesthetic enclave, a picturesque residential community ( incorporating large numbers of houseboats ), and a tourist finish. The city is adjacent to, and largely bounded by, the protect spaces of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area .
etymology [edit ]
The name of Sausalito comes from the spanish sauzalito, meaning “ small willow grove “, from sauce “ willow “ + collective derivative instrument -al mean “ place of abundance ” + diminutive suffix -ito ; with orthographic corruption from z to s due to seseo. early variants of the name included Saucelito, San Salita, San Saulito, San Salito, Sancolito, Sancilito, Sousolito, Sousalita, Sousilito, Sausilito, and Sauz Saulita. [ 9 ] It is sometimes claim [ by whom? ] that Sausalito was named for the district in Valparaíso, Chile, where the bandit Joaquín Murrieta was born. Murrieta was the leader of bandits who settled at the northerly end of the future Golden Gate bridge after being banned from San Francisco in the bandit wars. however, this theory can not be true because Murrieta was from Mexico, not Chile, and because he did not arrive in California until the Gold Rush around 1849. [ 10 ] The Rancho Saucelito had already been granted to William Richardson in 1838. [ 11 ]
geography [edit ]
Located at, [ 6 ] Sausalito encompasses both exorbitant, wooded hillside and shoreline tidal flats. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles ( 5.7 km2 ). notably, merely 1.8 square miles ( 4.7 km2 ) of it is estate. A full 21.54 % of the city ( 0.5 square miles, or 1.3 km2 ) is under water system, and has been so since its establish in 1868. big geographic features associated with Sausalito include Richardson Bay and Pine Point. When Sausalito was formally platted, it was anticipated that future development might extend the shoreline with landfill, as had been the practice in neighboring San Francisco. As a consequence, entire streets, demarcated and given names like Pescadero, Eureka and Teutonia, remain beneath the come on of Richardson Bay. [ 12 ] The legal, if not actual, presence of these streets has proved a contentious component in public policy, because some houseboats float directly above them. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, “ country agencies say privately owned houseboats ca n’t be located above the subaqueous streets because the streets are populace hope lands intended for public benefit. ” The California State Lands Commission is reportedly pursuing a compromise which would move not the houseboats, but the theoretical streets rather. [ 13 ]
climate [edit ]
Sausalito has a Mediterranean climate ( Köppen climate categorization Csb ) with far lower temperatures than expected because of its adjacency to San Francisco Bay and the attendant onshore breezes .
|Climate data for Sausalito, California|
|Average high °F (°C)||57
|Average low °F (°C)||46
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.50
|Source: Weather Channel|
history [edit ]
autochthonal culture [edit ]
Sausalito was once the site of a Coast Miwok village known as Liwanelowa. The branch of the Coast Miwok living in this area were known as the Huimen ( or ampere Nación de Uimen to the spanish ). [ 15 ] [ 16 ] early explorers of the area described them as friendly and hospitable. According to Juan de Ayala, “ To all these advantages must be added the best of all, which is that the heathen Indians of the port are so faithful in their friendship and so docile in their disposition that I was greatly please to receive them on display panel. ” european settlers took advantage of the Huimen ‘s kindness and cordial reception, [ citation needed ] and wholly massacred [ citation needed ] them within the span of a few generations. As historian Jack Tracy has observed, “ Their dwellings on the site of Sausalito were explored and mapped in 1907, about a century and a half late, by an archaeological survey. By that time, nothing was left of the polish of those who had first enjoyed the lifelike treasures of the bay. The liveliness of the Coastal Miwoks had been reduced to archaeological remnants, as though thousands of years had passed since their universe. ”
european arrival and colony [edit ]
1781 Cañizares map of San Francisco Bay The first european known to visit the contemporary localization of Sausalito was Don José de Cañizares, on August 5, 1775. Cañizares was heading of an advance party dispatched by longboat from the transport San Carlos, searching for a suitable anchorage for the larger vessel. The gang of the San Carlos came ashore soon after, reporting friendly natives and teeming populations of deer, elk, bear, sea lions, seals and otters. More importantly for maritime purposes, they reported an abundance of large, mature forest in the hills, a valuable commodity for shipwrights in indigence of natural materials for masts, braces and planking. Despite these and late positive reports, the spanish colonial government of Upper California did fiddling to establish a presence in the area. When a military garrison ( now the presidio of San Francisco ) and a franciscan mission ( Mission Dolores ) were founded the follow class, they were situated on the opposite, southern shore of the bay, where no portage was necessary for overland traffic to and from Monterey, the regional capitol. As a consequence, the far prop up of the Golden Gate strait would remain largely wilderness for another half-century .
William Richardson ( 1795–1856 ), an English-born Mexican citizen, first claimed and developed the web site of Sausalito as a private rancho The development of the area began at the fomentation of William A. Richardson, who arrived in Upper California in 1822, curtly after Mexico had won its independence from Spain. An english mariner who had picked up a fluency in spanish during his travels, he quickly became an influential presence in the now-Mexican territory. By 1825, Richardson had assumed Mexican citizenship, converted to Catholicism and married the daughter of Don Ignacio Martínez, commanding officer of the Presidio and holder of a big nation accord. His ambitions now expanding to land holdings of his own, Richardson submitted a prayer to Governor Echienda for a rancho in the headlands across the water from the Presidio, to be called “ Rancho Saucelito “. [ 11 ] Sausalito is believed to refer to a little cluster of willows, a moist-soil tree, indicating the presence of a fresh water bounce. [ 17 ] tied before filing his call, Richardson had used the give as a water place on the shores of what is now called Richardson Bay ( an weapon of the larger San Francisco Bay ), selling fresh water to visiting vessels. however, his ownership of the land was legally flimsy : other claims had been submitted for the same region, and at any pace Mexican jurisprudence reserved headlands for military uses, not private ownership. Richardson temporarily abandoned his claim and settled rather outside the Presidio, building the first base permanent civilian home and laying out the street plan for the pueblo of Yerba Buena ( contemporary San Francisco ). After years of lobby and legal haggle, Richardson was given clean title to all 19,751 acres ( 79.93 km2 ) of Rancho del Sausalito on February 11, 1838 .
Fishing greenwich village and epicurean enclave [edit ]
In the post-Gold Rush earned run average, Sausalito ‘s unusual localization became a winder factor in its formation as a community. It was San Francisco ‘s nearest neighbor, less than two miles ( 3 kilometer ) aside at the nearest degree and well seen from city streets, yet fare factors rendered it efficaciously isolated. A boat could sail there in under half an hour, but wagons and carriages required an arduous skirt of the entire true laurel, a journey that could well exceed a hundred miles. As a solution, the area was largely dominated by two disparate classes of people, both with fix access to boats : commercial fishermen and affluent yacht enthusiasts .
Mining town [edit ]
In the 1870s, manganese was discovered in the hills west of Old Town that was rich people enough to justify small-scale mine. Tunnels were grok near the springs between contemporary Prospect Avenue and Sausalito Boulevard. Henry Eames, an opportunist inventor, built an ore reduction plant at the foot of Main Street to process the manganese ore. This location would become the late web site of Sally Stanford ’ s ill-famed whorehouse, Valhalla. however, by 1880 the Saucelito Smelting Works was producing merely about fifty tons of black oxide per annum, hardly enough to make Sausalito a true mining center. [ 18 ]
Transit hub [edit ]
The first base stake office opened in 1870 as “ Saucelito ” and changed its name to the confront spell in 1887. [ 9 ]
Eureka, then the largest double-ended ferryboat in the world, carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito–San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941. The, then the largest double-ended ferry in the world, carried passenger and car traffic on the Sausalito–San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941. In the 1870s, the North Pacific Coast Railroad ( NPC ) extended its tracks southward to a raw terminus in Sausalito, where a rail yard and ferry to San Francisco were established. The NPC was acquired by the North Shore Railroad in 1902, which in turn was absorbed in 1907 by the Southern Pacific affiliate, the Northwestern Pacific. By 1926, a major car ferry across the Golden Gate was established, running to the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco. [ 19 ] [ better source needed ] This ferry was an integral part of honest-to-god U.S. Highway 101, and a large inflow of car traffic, frequently parked or idling in long queues, became a dominant feature of the town. Northwestern Pacific commuter train military service besides expanded to serve the increased traffic volume, and Sausalito became known chiefly as a transportation hub. This earned run average came to an end in May 1937 with the first step of the Golden Gate Bridge. The bridge made large-scale ferry operations redundant, and since the new path of Highway 101 bypassed Sausalito entirely, in-town traffic was promptly reduced to a drip. Car ferry service ended in March 1941 ( passenger ferry military service, however, continues to this day, linking downtown Sausalito with both the Ferry Building in San Francisco ‘s Embarcadero, and Pier 39 in the Fisherman ‘s Wharf district ). Northwestern Pacific besides closed its Sausalito terminal in March 1941, although some tracks remained in use as “ spur tracks ” for freight trains deoxyadenosine monophosphate late as 1971. [ 17 ]
Bootlegging and rummy runners [edit ]
Sausalito was a center for bootlegging during the era of Prohibition in the United States. Because of its localization facing the Golden Gate and isolated from San Francisco by the lapp waterway, it was besides a favored landing topographic point for curious runners. [ 20 ] The 1942 film China Girl has some footage of Sally Stanford ‘s Valhalla restaurant on the waterfront. The scene shows the docks and illustrates rummy range .
industrialization during World War II [edit ]
When the United States entered World War II, Fort Barry on Point Bonita was reoccupied. Fort Baker besides hosted large numbers of troops. Barracks and other house were constructed for soldiers. Few of these buildings remain. [ 21 ] A major shipyard of the Bechtel Corporation called Marinship was sited along the shoreline of Sausalito. The thousands of laborers who worked here were largely housed in a nearby community constructed for them called Marin City. The soil which supports this area is dredgings from Richardson Bay that were placed during World War II as character of the Marin shipyards for the United States Navy. [ 22 ] A sum of 202 acres ( 0.8 km2 ) were condemned by the government. A fortune of this sum area was formed in the shape of a peninsula and this peninsula became known as Schoonmaker Point. In honor of the city ‘s contribution to the war campaign, a Tacoma-class frigate was christened the USS Sausalito ( PF-4 ) in 1943. The ship Sausalito, however, was not built in Sausalito but at one of the Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond, California, besides on the San Francisco Bay. The Marinship Shipyards were the site of incidents that provided a cardinal early milestone in the civil rights bowel movement. [ 23 ] In 1944 in the case of James v. Marinship the California Supreme Court held that african Americans could not be excluded from jobs based on their race, tied if the employer took no prejudiced actions. In the case of Joseph James, on whose behalf the suit was brought, the local anesthetic Boilermakers Union excluded Blacks from membership and had a “ close patronize ” sign, forbidding the shipbuilder from employing anyone who was not a member of the union. african american workers could join an aide of the union, which offered access to fewer jobs at lower yield. future US Supreme Court department of justice Thurgood Marshall successfully argued the case, winning a rule that the union be required to offer peer membership to african Americans. The woo extended the rule to apply explicitly to all unions and all workers in California .
Postwar years [edit ]
Sausalito Yacht Harbor Following World War II, a bouncy waterfront community grew out of the abandoned shipyards. By the deep 1960s at least three houseboat communities occupied the waterfront along and adjacent to Sausalito ‘s prop up. Beginning in the 1970s, an intense contend erupted between houseboat residents and developers, dubbed the “ Houseboat Wars ”. [ 24 ] Forced removals by county authorities and sabotage by some on the waterfront characterized this clamber. This farseeing competitiveness pitted the waterfront against the “ Hill People ” – the rich on the hill looking down on the waterfront. Today three houseboat communities silent exist — Galilee Harbor in Sausalito, Waldo Point Harbor and the Gates Cooperative, just outside the city specify. In 1965, the City of Sausalito sued the County of Marin and a private developer for illegally zoning 2,000 acres ( 809 hour angle ) of land to build a city named Marincello adjacent to Sausalito. The city won the lawsuit in 1970, and the land was transferred as open space to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area .
government [edit ]
Federal and state [edit ]
In the United States House of Representatives, Sausalito is in California ‘s second congressional zone, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [ 25 ] From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly. In the California State Legislature, Sausalito is in :
According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Sausalito has 5,430 registered voters. Of those, 2,905 ( 53.5 % ) are registered Democrats, 677 ( 12.5 % ) are registered Republicans, and 1,605 ( 30 % ) have declined to state a political party. [ 27 ]
|2016||81.2% 3,824||13.5% 636|
|2012||76.1% 3,535||21.6% 1,001|
|2008||81.2% 4,031||17.1% 850|
|2004||77.0% 3,677||21.9% 1,046|
|2000||67.7% 2,945||24.5% 1,067|
|1996||61.7% 2,579||24.7% 1,034|
|1992||63.2% 3,125||19.3% 953|
|1988||63.4% 2,768||35.4% 1,548|
|1984||56.6% 2,071||42.2% 1,542|
|1980||39.6% 1,369||39.5% 1,367|
|1976||46.5% 1,571||49.9% 1,686|
|1972||58.4% 2,357||39.6% 1,600|
|1968||52.5% 1,638||42.4% 1,322|
|1964||65.7% 1,992||34.3% 1,040|
Demographics [edit ]
|U.S. Decennial Census|
2010 [edit ]
The 2010 United States Census [ 29 ] reported that Sausalito had a population of 7,061. The population density was 3,128.5 people per squarely nautical mile ( 1,207.9/km2 ). The racial constitution of Sausalito was 6,400 ( 90.6 % ) White, 65 ( 0.9 % ) african Americans, 16 ( 0.2 % ) native American, 342 ( 4.8 % ) Asian, 10 ( 0.1 % ) Pacific Islander, 53 ( 0.8 % ) from other races, and 175 ( 2.5 % ) from two or more races. hispanic or Latino of any race were 287 persons ( 4.1 % ). The Census reported that 99.8 % of the population lived in households and 0.2 % lived in non-institutionalized group quarters. There were 4,112 households, out of which 420 ( 10.2 % ) had children under the age of 18 animation in them, 1,443 ( 35.1 % ) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 146 ( 3.6 % ) had a female homeowner with no conserve show, 64 ( 1.6 % ) had a male homeowner with no wife present. There were 313 ( 7.6 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 63 ( 1.5 % ) same-sex marry couples or partnerships. 1,927 households ( 46.9 % ) were made up of individuals, and 524 ( 12.7 % ) had person living entirely who was 65 years of age or older. The average family size was 1.71. There were 1,653 families ( 40.2 % of all households ) ; the average family size was 2.39. The population was spread out, with 615 people ( 8.7 % ) under the historic period of 18, 159 people ( 2.3 % ) aged 18 to 24, 1,962 people ( 27.8 % ) aged 25 to 44, 2,830 people ( 40.1 % ) aged 45 to 64, and 1,495 people ( 21.2 % ) who were 65 years of long time or older. The median age was 51.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
There were 4,536 housing units at an average density of 2,009.7 per square mile ( 776.0/km2 ), of which 2,088 ( 50.8 % ) were owner-occupied, and 2,024 ( 49.2 % ) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy pace was 2.1 % ; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8 %. 3,783 people ( 53.6 % of the population ) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,265 people ( 46.2 % ) lived in rental housing units .
2000 [edit ]
Sausalito ‘s harbor sidewalk As of the census [ 30 ] of 2000, there were 7,330 people, 4,254 households, and 1,663 families residing in the city. The population concentration was 3,852.9 people per square mile ( 1,489.5/km2 ). There were 4,511 house units at an modal density of 2,371.1 per square mile ( 916.7/km2 ). The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 87.4 % non-Hispanic White, 0.9 % non-Hispanic african American, 0.2 % native American, 4.8 % asian, 0.1 % Pacific Islander, 0.3 % from other races, and 2.2 % from two or more races. spanish american or Latino of any rush were 4.1 % of the population. There were 4,254 households, out of which 8.8 % had children under the age of 18 animation with them, 33.9 % were married couples living together, 3.5 % had a female homeowner with no husband introduce, and 60.9 % were non-families. 45.7 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8 % had person living alone who was 65 years of old age or older. The average family size was 1.72 and the average family size was 2.34. In the city, the population was spread out, with 7.4 % under the age of 18, 2.4 % from 18 to 24, 39.5 % from 25 to 44, 38.5 % from 45 to 64, and 12.3 % who were 65 years of long time or older. The median historic period was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. The medial income for a family in the city was $ 87,469, and the median income for a family was $ 123,467. Males had a median income of $ 90,680 versus $ 56,576 for females. The per head income for the city was $ 81,040. About 2.0 % of families and 5.1 % of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1 % of those under age 18 and 5.5 % of those age 65 or all over .
sister cities [edit ]
Sausalito has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International :
Sakaide is near the Seto Ohashi Bridge on the union coast of the island of Shikoku in Japan ( established in 1988 ). The primary coil broadcast is a young cultural exchange program. Viña del Mar is located on the coast of Chile not far from Santiago ( established 1960 ). The relationship features a Sausalito Stadium and a Sausalito Lagoon. conversely, Sausalito ‘s chief plaza is named Viña del Mar in honor of the Chilean city. The chief broadcast is 777 ( 7 women, 7 days, 7 dreams ), an entrepreneurial coach for Chilean Woman in Sausalito. Cascais is the newest sister city. This kinship was established in 2013. The elementary broadcast is a youth sailing exchange between Cascais and Sausalito, Clube Naval and the Sausalito Yacht Club .
Service organizations and clubs [edit ]
Sausalito Yacht Club, founded in 1942 forward pass view of the Sausalito Yacht Harbor Service organizations in Sausalito include the Lions Club, Rotary Club, Sausalito Woman ‘s Club, Sausalito Historical Society, the Sausalito Library Foundation, Friends of the Sausalito Library, Sausalito Art Festival Foundation, the Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation, and Richardson ‘s Bay Maritime Association. Clubs include the Sausalito Yacht Club, Presidio Yacht Club and the Sausalito Cruising Club. The Sausalito-on-the-Waterfront Foundation, incorporated in May 2009, is a non-profit California public benefit corporation. Its mission is to educate the public on the history of the Sausalito waterfront and environmental issues related to San Francisco Bay, perpetuate life on San Francisco Bay and waterfront, patronize boating activities and community events and provide educational scholarships and defend to other non-profit organizations. [ 31 ] Some activities of the foundation include the Sausalito Lighted Boat Parade and Fireworks, Opening Day on the Bay celebration, Youth Sailing Program, Burning Woman Artists Waterfront Exhibit, Kids Waterfront Day-in-the-Park and Jazz & Blues On-the-Waterfront. The Sausalito Yacht Harbor has slips for 600 vessels and is the southernmost harbor in Sausalito, adjacent to the central business district sphere .
tourism [edit ]
antenna view of the ferry docking at Sausalito due to its location at the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge, Sausalito receives a firm pour of visitors via the bridge ( car and bicycle traffic ) and a ferry servicing from San Francisco. It retains one of the few ungated marinas in the Bay Area that attracts visitors .
Media [edit ]
For respective decades Sausalito had a local newspaper called the MarinScope, [ 32 ] owned at times by Paul and Billy Anderson, and Vijay Mallya. however, as of 2018 the newspaper had ceased issue. Sausalito retains a small radio station founded by Jonathan Westerling, Radio Sausalito 1610 AM, which besides serves as the city ‘s Emergency Broadcasting System. The city ‘s primary websites are the city ‘s official locate ci.Sausalito.ca.us, [ 33 ] the Chamber of Commerce sausalito.org, [ 34 ] a reference point locate oursausalito.com [ 35 ] and a guidebook for locals and visitors to the sphere Sausalito.com. [ 36 ]
education [edit ]
Sausalito is served by the Sausalito Marin City School District for basal educate and the Tamalpais Union High School District for secondary school. [ 37 ] Residents have two public schools to choose from : the K-8 populace school Bayside Martin Luther King, Jr. Academy in Marin City or the K-8 rent school Willow Creek Academy in Sausalito. [ 38 ] There are two private elementary schools that have been recently established in Sausalito, The K-12 Waldorf vogue New Village School, and PreK – 5 campus of the Lycée Français de San Francisco. eminent schoolers in public school attend Tamalpais High School in Mill Valley. [ 37 ] Sausalito City Hall houses the Sausalito Public Library. [ 39 ]
Parks and diversion [edit ]
Gabrielson Memorial Park The populace parks in Sausalito include Cazneau Playground, Cloud View Park, Dunphy Park, Gabrielson Park, Harrison Playground, Martin Luther King Park and Dog Park, Langendorf Park, Marinship Park, South View Park, Robin Sweeny Park, Tiffany Park, Vina del Mar Plaza, and Yee Tock Chee Park. The public beaches include Schoonmaker Beach, Swede ‘s Beach and Tiffany Beach. Sausalito besides has a municipal fish pier and the Turney Street Boat Ramp. A club house/game room and an drill room are located in the city mansion. [ 40 ]
Houseboats [edit ]
Sausalito houseboats The Sausalito houseboat community consists of more than 400 houseboats of diverse shapes, sizes, and values, along the north end of town, approximately two miles from downtown. [ 41 ] While some of these are technically outside the Sausalito city limits, they are generally acknowledged as forming an integral function of the Sausalito community. The roots of the houseboat community lie in the re-use of abandoned boats and material after the de-commissioning of the Marinship shipyards at the end of World War II. many anchor-outs came to the area, which created problems with sanitation and other issues. After a serial of tense confrontations in the 1970s and 1980s, extra regulations were applied to the area and the bang-up majority of boats were relocated to approved docks. From 77 boats in the water in 1977, there were about 18 boats left in 2019. respective are architect-designed pieces that have been featured in major magazines. The Gates Co-op Houseboat Community remains to this day, although recent action has required them to fit city-standards of sanitation and construct codes. The humming toadfish makes felt noises submerged, keeping some residents awake at night. [ 42 ] [ 43 ] [ 44 ] [ 45 ] [ 46 ] [ 47 ]
celebrated people [edit ]
The following is a list of luminary residents of Sausalito, by and salute .
past [edit ]
industry [edit ]
Sausalito yacht harbor in 2011
In popular culture [edit ]
Film, television, and video games [edit ]
music [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
promote interpretation [edit ]
- Tracy, Jack. Sausalito Moments in Time: A Pictorial History of Sausalito 1850–1950. Sausalito:Windgate Press 1983. ISBN 0-915269-00-7.
- Sausalito Historical Society. Sausalito (Images of America). San Francisco: Arcadia Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-7385-3036-0.