Pizza Stones: 15 Things You Should Know

A pizza stone is a square, rectangular, or circular slab that you place in your oven, preheat for 30 minutes, and practice as a portable surface for baking pizza, bread, and pastry. The stone conducts hotness and holds on to it, normally at a temperature of 475-525°F ( 245-275°C ), drawing out excess moisture from the dough and producing crisp, well-browned pizza.


Pizza stones are a must-have for anyone who makes pizza and bakes bread at home frequently. In this post, I ’ ll tell you the “ why ” and “ how ” of using a pizza stone. I ’ ll besides plowshare my best pizza stone picks with you, along with everything else you need to know about owning one .

Why Use a Pizza Stone?

Simply said, it helps you make pizza that ’ mho airy on the inside and crisp on the outside. By using a pizza stone, you emulate the effects of a masonry oven. “ Masonry ovens ” are made of brick, concrete, stone, clay, or cob, and are fired by woodwind or ember. If you ’ ve ever looked around inside a 19th-century theater, Neapolitan-style pizzeria, or old-school bakery, you ’ ve credibly seen a freemasonry oven built following to one of the walls. Unlike home ovens, which work at temperatures of up to 575°F ( 300°C ) and get hot at the crown, freemasonry ovens provide a hot open that bakes the pizza on the penetrate and a menstruation of blistering air that cooks it on the clear.


wood-fired pizza ovens study at temperatures of 800°F ( 425°C ) and coal-fired pizza ovens get ampere hot as 1,000°F ( 540°C ), cooking a pizza proto-indo european in a little as 60-90 seconds. The cook surface of a masonry oven gets actually, in truth hot—producing very crisp and perfectly browned baked goods flying. It gives your pizza dough an initial burst of heat, puffing up the crust and pulling out moisture from it. A pizza stone won ’ metric ton turn your home oven into a masonry oven. But it will give you a hotter airfoil to bake your pizza on, which will puff up the crust and draw out excess moisture from the boodle in a identical exchangeable direction .

What Are Pizza Stones Made Of?

by and large, pizza stones are made of ceramic or cordierite. Ceramic pizza stones are made of a mixture of mud, earthen elements, powders, and body of water that ’ south poured into a cast and baked in furnaces called “ kilns. ” Modern kilns reach operating temperatures ampere high as 2,400°F ( 1,315°C ).


Ceramic pizza stones are the most low-cost. They typically retail for $ 20- $ 30. however, these savings come at a price. Ceramic pizza stones are known for cracking and fracturing excessively easily because ceramic doesn ’ triiodothyronine cover thermal electric shock all that well. “ Thermal electric shock ” is a term for sudden fluctuations in temperature, like when you place a room-temperature pizza pit inside a preheat oven. Cordierite pizza stones are cut from cordierite, a mineral found in fiery rocks, typically in the phase of crystals or grains. Compared to their ceramic counterparts, cordierite pizza stones can be doubly vitamin a expensive. They ’ re largely sold for $ 50- $ 60 depending on the manufacturer and retailer.


Cordierite has a low thermal expansion and first gear thermal conduction, which makes it very tolerant to thermal shock. If you want a durable pizza stone ( and, let ’ s admit it, who doesn ’ thymine ), cordierite is a better choice than ceramic. Both ceramic and cordierite pizza stones have holey surfaces that absorb moisture. This means that they shouldn ’ t be washed with buttery water and are not dependable to clean in the dishwasher. Glazed pizza stones are made of glazed ceramic or cordierite. They give you the like benefits of using a pizza stone, but allow you to clean them by saponaceous urine or in the dishwasher.

Ceramic Pizza Stone Cordierite Pizza Stone Glazed Pizza Stone
List price $20-$30 $40-$50 $50-$60
Thermal shock resistance Poor; the stone will crack or fracture easily High; the stone won’t crack or fracture easily High; the stone won’t crack or fracture easily
Dishwasher-safe No No Yes
Outside grill-safe No Yes Yes

Comparison of ceramic, cordierite, and glazed pizza stones

How Much Do Pizza Stones Cost?

Ceramic pizza stones can cost anywhere between $20 and $30. Cordierite pizza stones are sold at twice the price, selling for $50-$60.


As the say goes, “ I ’ megabyte excessively poor to buy cheap things. ” When you consider how susceptible ceramic pizza stones are to breaking, cordierite stones are decidedly worth the extra money. even if you ’ re actually careful with your ceramic pizza stone, there ’ s a eminent casual that, oklahoman or late, it will break. Which means you ’ ll most probably end up paying for a second stone, which will end up costing you vitamin a much as a single stone made of cordierite .

Which Pizza Stone Is the Best One to Buy?

See my best two picks below. saleCast Elegance Durable Thermal Shock Resistant Thermarite Pizza and Baking Stone for Oven and Grill, Includes Recipe E-Book & Cleaning Scraper, 16 inch Round, 5/8th inch Thick

  • Crispy Crust: Make perfect restaurant-quality pizzas at home using our 5/8th inch thick (0.625 inches) Thermarite pizza stone
  • Superior Durability and Heat Retention: Thermarite is durable, strong, and has superior thermal shock ability making our stone safe for both…
  • Extreme Versatility: CastElegance Pizza Stones are oderless and food safe; great for both indoor and outdoor cooking, charcoal and gas…

This Cast Elegance Pizza Stone is made of Thermarite, a blend of minerals consisting by and large of cordierite that ’ second been engineered for force and lastingness. It comes in two sizes, 14 and 16 inches. The smaller size weighs 5.7 pounds and measures 14 ten 14 adam 0.63 inches, whereas the bigger weighs 9.85 pounds and measures 12 adam 12 ten 1.2 inches.


Is it in your oven or on the external grill ( natural gas and charcoal ). The stone is heavy and durable, which means you don ’ t need to worry about it cracking or fracture. Don ’ metric ton clean it with buttery water and never put it in the dishwasher. It will soak up the chemicals from the detergent, causing your future twelve pizza to come out inedible .Emile Henry Flame Top Pizza Stone, 14.5 Inches, Charcoal

  • Made in France. Made of all natural materials and manufactured using Emile Henry proprietary flame Technology
  • Designed to use in the oven or on a BBQ grill. Safe to use on gas, Charcoal and natural wood grills up to 900 degrees F; can be used in all…
  • Glazed pizza stone is durable and scratch resistant. Cut directly on the glazed pizza stone without damaging or scratching the surface….

This Emile Henry Glazed Pizza Stone is made in France and can be cleaned fair like any other objet d’art of cooking utensil in your home plate. cook with it at temperatures of up to 900°F ( 480°C ) in your oven, broiler, boast grill, or charcoal grillroom. The glaze contributes to a crisp crust, but besides protects the stone from absorbing moisture. Which makes this stone dishwasher-safe and cleanable with buttery water.


This pizza gem international relations and security network ’ triiodothyronine my clear blame because, unlike the Cast Elegance Pizza Stone, it ’ randomness less able of handling thermal daze, which makes it generally susceptible to cracking .

How Do You Use a Pizza Stone?

here ’ s how to use a pizza stone in the oven, on a accelerator grillroom, and on a charcoal grillroom. To use a pizza stone in the oven, put it on the lowest rack, then preheat the oven for 30 minutes to a temperature of 550°F ( 290°C ). Slide the pizza on the stone using a pizza peel off ( if you don ’ t have one, substitute it with an inverted broil sheet or a cutting board ) and bake it for 10-15 minutes. Ceramic, cordierite, and sugarcoat stones are safe to use in your home oven. Make certain to always put the pizza stone on the lowest rack, but never directly on the bottom heat element. The aggressive heat from the heating component can crack your stone, particularly if it ’ second made of ceramic. Use a pizza stone on your gas grill by putting it in the coldness grill, then turning on all the burners. Preheat the stone for 30 minutes, keeping the eyelid closed, so that it heats up to a temperature of 500-600°F ( 260-315°C ). Bake the pizza for about 10 minutes.


To use a pizza stone on a charcoal grill, place the stone on the grillroom grate and use indirect heat. Position most of the hot charcoal near the stone, putting only a few lumps under it, so that it heats up good, but not excessively much. Slide the pizza on the stone, close the hat equally soon as possible, and let it cook for 10-15 minutes. Don ’ thyroxine habit a ceramic pizza stone on the grill, gas or charcoal. It ’ randomness better to use a cordierite stone or a glass cordierite stone, since cordierite is a material that ’ south highly insubordinate to thermal shock .

Will Dough Stick to a Pizza Stone?

In general, dough won’t stick to a clean and preheated pizza stone. To keep pizza from sticking to your pizza stone, sprinkle your pizza undress with some flour or cornmeal before picking up the pizza proto-indo european with it. The flour or cornmeal will adhere to the bottom of the proto-indo european, preventing it from sticking to the stone once it comes into reach with it. Burnt pieces of leftover boodle can make your future batches of pizza stick to the stone. If you see any baked-on food residue on your hot pizza stone, scrape it off using a metallic scraper and continue baking with it.


pizza can stick to your pizza rock if you made dough with too much water and besides little flour. Make dough with a hydration of 70-75 % when baking pizza in your home oven, which means that you should use 70-75 % water and 30-25 % flour. Most pizza boodle recipes will tell you to make a dough with a hydration of 60 %. While that ’ s the correct hydration when using a freemasonry oven, which will cook your pizza pie for 60-90 seconds, it will result in a dry and crusty pizza in a dwelling oven, which takes approx. 10-15 minutes. If your pizza dough has holes in it, the sauce can leak out and burn on the rock, causing the pizza pie to stick to it. other than scraping off the burn sauce from the pizza stone and making sure that your adjacent pizza don ’ thyroxine have any holes in them, there ’ s not much else that you can do .

Does It Work With Frozen Pizza?

Yes, you can bake a frozen pizza on a pizza stone. Simply preheat the oven for 30 minutes, with the stone placed on the lowest rack, at a temperature of 550°F ( 290°C ). then slide the freeze pizza onto the stone and bake it for 7-8 minutes.


No more boggy pizza ! Thanks to its porous surface and ability to conduct and hold on to heat, the pizza stone will draw the overindulgence moisture out from the fixed pie—and the crust will come out browned and crisp .

Can You Put Baking Paper on a Pizza Stone?

Never use parchment paper on a pizza stone. Parchment paper is oven safe up to 420°F ( 215°C ). Most pizza stones heat up to a temperature of 450-500°F ( 230-290°C ), which will burn a sheet of parchment paper placed on it. Above all, that ’ s a fire luck that you should avoid at all cost. besides, you have no good reason to use parchment paper in the inaugural set ! If you ’ re worry that your pizza will stick to the stone, make certain your stone is clean and preheated for at least 30 minutes alternatively .

Can You Leave Your Pizza Stone in the Oven?

If you ’ ve owned a pizza gem, you know that it ’ s not the easiest thing to carry about. The average pizza stone made of mud, ceramic, or cordierite weighs between 5 and 7 pounds. Which leaves some dwelling cooks asking… Can you fair leave it in the oven ?


Yes, you can leave your pizza stone in the oven, even when you’re not baking pizza on it. Keep the pizza stone on the lowest scud of your oven and wrap it well with aluminum foil, so that liquids from early foods don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate drip down on it and burn on top of its cook surface. never leave your pizza gem directly on the bottom heat element of your oven. The adjacent meter you turn up the heat, the thermal shock caused by the hot element and the cold air in the oven can crack or fracture it—and hand over it unserviceable beyond repair .

Can I Put a Wet Pizza Stone in the Oven?

Never put a wet pizza stone in the oven. Your pizza stone should be completely dry before every practice. otherwise, it won ’ t bake your pizza correctly. It could besides crack or fracture beyond animate because of the thermal shock from the hot tune of the oven and cold water system inside it. If you cleaned your pizza stone and now it ’ randomness soaking wet, here ’ s what to do rather. First and foremost, forget about using it in the next 24-48 hours. You should let it air dry completely before exposing it to the hot air of a preheating oven.

Soak up a much of the moisture as you can from the stone using a dishrag or towel. I once found myself in this situation and practice wallpaper towels—they worked in truth well as I need to absorb all I could from the wetness of the stone fast. then find a cool and dry seat to position the stone and let it air dry for one to two days ( ideally, for deoxyadenosine monophosphate long as you can ). The next time you need to clean the stone, follow the clean technique that I shared with you in this mail .

Can a Pizza Stone Go in the Dishwasher?

Never put your pizza stone in the dishwasher unless the manufacturer has explicitly stated that it’s dishwasher-safe. Most pizza stones are made of ceramic or cordierite, both of which will absorb moisture. If you put them in the dishwasher, they ’ ll pawn up the chemicals from the detergent. Which means your following twelve batches of pizza will come out inedible. Glazed pizza stones, a rare kind of baking stones, are dishwasher-safe. The glaze keeps the stone from absorbing moisture, which means it won ’ t end up soaking up the salts and chemicals from the detergent.


How to Clean a Pizza Stone

The best way to clean a pizza rock is to let it cool down completely, use a pizza stone cleaning brush to scrape off burnt-on foods from the cooking airfoil, then wipe it using a damp fabric ( with fair water and no soap ). The best instrument for the job Cuisinart Pizza Stone Cleaning brush, which will set you back barely under $ 15 .Cuisinart CCB-399 Pizza Stone Cleaning Brush

  • 18″ LONG BRUSH: The 18-inch-long brush is the perfect size for brushing off debris from your pizza stone while it is in your grill or oven.
  • PALM STALK FIBER BRISTLES: The palm stalk fiber bristles are tough on caked-on messes and provide and safe and natural alternative to steel…
  • ERGONOMIC HANDLE: The 13-inch-long handle features a rubberized grip and ergonomically shaped handle to keep your hand comfortable and far…

This brush has bristles made of handle stalk fibers that cleans a ceramic or cordierite surface without the necessitate for soap or water system. The stainless-steel scraper with erose ends will help you remove extra-stubborn pieces of pizza from the stone. never use a pizza stone cleaning brush on a blistering stone. The heat from the stone will damage the bristles for good. To clean a hot pizza stone in-between pizza, use a metal scraper .

Can You Use a Pizza Stone on Your Stovetop?

Don’t put a pizza stone on your cooktop. Pizza stones are intended to be used only in ovens, broilers, and outside grills.


The stone, with its rocky open and heavy weight, can damage cooktops made of glass or ceramic. besides, the direct heat from the fire on accelerator stovetops or the burners on their electric counterparts can cause a thermal shock to your stone, fracturing it in two or respective pieces .

Can You Use It on an Outside Grill?

Yes, you can use a pizza stone on an outside grill. Pizza stones made of cordierite as best for habit on outside grills, gas or charcoal. Unlike ceramic, which is susceptible to thermal traumatize and can easily crack on the grill, cordierite is a highly-durable substantial. tied better, consider buying a pizza stee l. It ’ s a slab of alloy that behaves very a lot like a pizza gem, but, thanks to the stamina of steel as a corporeal, is virtually durable .

Why Is Your Pizza Stone Smoking?

Your pizza stone can start to smoke when it gets up to heat if it has absorbed fats and oils from the kernel and tall mallow toppings of former batches of pizza.


I ’ ve had this happen to my pizza stone once when making Pepperoni Pizza. Fat from the pepperoni had dripped down onto the stone through a small hole in the boodle. The rock heated the fat above its pot period, which caused it to start smoke. If the lapp happened to you, you need to clean the dirt stains from the stone. here ’ s how I did that .

  1. Clean your pizza stone as usual by allowing it to cool down completely and scraping off any burn-on foods using a pizza stone cleaning brush.
  2. Make a homemade cleaning paste that consists of 1 part baking soda and 1 part water. Scrub the solution on the cleaning paste on the stains until they come off.
  3. Wipe the pizza stone with a damp cloth with just water and no soap, then allow the stone to dry completely (ideally, for 48 hours) before using it again.

This scavenge proficiency does wonders whenever you need to remove dirt stains from your pizza stone .


This concludes my list of pretty much everything you need to know about pizza stones. Do you have any secrets or techniques to using a pizza pit that you ’ d like to contribution with me—and the rest of this post ’ south readers ? Let me know by leaving a gossip below. For your convenience, here ’ s a recapitulate of my three intersection picks in this post : hcw
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